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General Office of the CPC Central Committee and General Office of the State Council issued Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Modern Vocational Education System Construction

新华社北京12月21日电 近日,中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅印发了《欧洲杯投注网站推荐》,并发出通知,要求各地区各部门结合实际认真贯彻落实。

The full text of the Opinions on Deepening the reform of Modern vocational education System Construction is as follows。


I. General requirements

1.Guiding ideology。Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era,We will thoroughly implement the guiding principles of the Party's 20 National Congresses,Uphold and strengthen the Party's overall leadership over vocational education,To promote the high-quality development of modern vocational education placed in a more prominent position,Adhere to the comprehensive development of students and economic and social development,It is based on improving the key competence of vocational schools,Focus on deepening the integration of industry and education,Promoting job integration is the key,Take the integration of science and education as the new direction,Give full play to the initiative of all parties,We will coordinate the collaborative innovation of vocational education, higher education and continuing education,Promote orderly and effective reform of the modern vocational education system,We will improve the quality, adaptability and attractiveness of vocational education,We will train more high-quality technical and skilled personnel, skilled craftsmen, and artisans from major countries,It will lay a solid foundation for accelerating the building of a powerful country in education, science and technology, and human resources。

2.Direction of reform。We will deepen supply-side structural reform of vocational education,Adhere to people-oriented, ability, quality, adhere to innovation,Establish and improve a gradient vocational education and training system featuring multi-form connectivity, multi-channel growth and sustainable development,Promote coordinated development and mutual integration,To enable students with different endowments and needs to choose multiple times and diversify their talents;Insist on promoting production by teaching, teaching assistant by production, integration of production and teaching, and cooperation between production and learning,Extend the education chain, service industry chain, support supply chain, build talent chain, and enhance the value chain,We will promote the formation of a modern vocational education structure and regional layout that meet market demand and match the industrial structure。We will build central-local interaction and regional linkage,The development mechanism of government, industry, enterprise and school is coordinated,We will encourage and support provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central government) and key industries to combine their own characteristics and advantages,In the construction and reform of the modern vocational education system, we should try first, break through first, and demonstrate and lead,We will form a sound ecology featuring adequate institutional supply, strong conditions, and deep integration of industry and education。

Second, strategic tasks

3.Explore a new model for the construction of modern vocational education system in provinces。We will comprehensively promote rural revitalization through in-depth implementation of coordinated regional development strategies and major regional strategies,State-led promotion, local innovation and implementation,Select provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) that have urgent needs, basic conditions and willingness to explore reform,We will establish a mechanism for coordinating the construction of a modern vocational education system,Breakthroughs have been made in key capacity building, integration of industry and education, integration of jobs, investment mechanisms, institutional innovation, and international exchanges and cooperation in vocational schools,Formulate specific measures to support vocational education financial, fiscal, land, credit, employment and income distribution incentive policies,To form an institutional environment and ecology conducive to the development of vocational education,Form a batch of new experience and new paradigm that can be replicated and promoted。

4.Create a city-wide industry and education consortium。On the basis of industrial parks, provincial governments will build city-wide industry-education complexes with the functions of talent training, innovation and entrepreneurship, and promoting high-quality development of industrial economy。Establish a council with the participation of government, enterprises, schools, scientific research institutions and other parties,Implement materialized operation,Gather capital, technology, talents, policies and other elements,Effectively promote the in-depth participation of various subjects in the professional planning of vocational schools, the determination of personnel training specifications, curriculum development, and the construction of teachers,Jointly discuss training programs, set up teaching teams, and build teaching resources,Jointly implement academic assessment and evaluation,Promote teaching reform,Improve the quality of technical talent training;Build a talent supply and demand information platform,Implement industrial planning and talent demand release system,We will guide vocational schools to keep up with the market and employment situation,We will improve the dynamic adjustment mechanism of vocational education majors,Promote the close connection between professional layout and local industrial structure;Build a common technical service platform,Open up the chain of scientific research and development, technological innovation, and achievement transfer,Provide technical consultation and service for enterprises in the park,We will promote technological innovation and product upgrading among small and medium-sized enterprises。

5.Build an integrated community of industry, industry and education。Priority is given to key industries and areas such as the new generation of information technology industry, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, high-end instruments, aerospace equipment, shipbuilding and Marine engineering equipment, advanced rail transit equipment, energy electronics, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, electric power equipment, agricultural machinery equipment, new materials, biomedicine and high-performance medical equipment,We will support leading enterprises and high-level institutions of higher learning and vocational schools in taking the lead,A cross-regional community of integrated production and education involving schools, scientific research institutions, and upstream and downstream enterprises will be established,Gather production and education resources,Formulate teaching evaluation standards,Develop professional core curriculum and practical ability project,Developing and popularizing teaching equipment;According to the industrial chain division of labor on the type of talent, level, structure requirements,Joint enrollment by schools and enterprises will be implemented,Carry out commissioned training, order training and apprenticeship training,Carry out pre-job training, on-the-job training and continuing education for employees of industrial enterprises,To provide stable human resources for the industry;Building a technology innovation center,Support the training of high-quality technical and technical personnel,Service industry enterprise technological transformation, process improvement, product upgrading。

3. Key work

6.We will improve the key school-running capabilities of vocational schools。Priority is given to organizing well-known experts, industry elites and outstanding teachers in professional fields such as modern manufacturing, modern service, and modern agriculture to create a group of core courses, high-quality teaching materials, teacher teams, and practical projects to introduce new methods, new technologies, new processes, and new standards into education and teaching practice in a timely manner。Expand and strengthen the national vocational education smart education platform, build key projects such as vocational education professional teaching resource database, high-quality online open courses, virtual simulation training bases, expand the sharing of high-quality resources, and promote the reform of education, teaching and evaluation methods。Facing new forms of business, new occupations and new positions, extensive technical skills training will be carried out to serve the lifelong learning of the whole people and the construction of a skill-based society。